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Home » Eye Health Library » Eye Diseases » Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an eye disease that occurs in some premature babies. The last 12 weeks of a full-term delivery, from 28-40 weeks gestation, are particularly active for the growth of the fetal eye. The blood supply to the retina starts at the optic nerve at 16 weeks of gestation, and the vessels gradually grow out over the surface of the retina. The vessels reach the anterior edge of the retina and stop their progression at about the time of birth.